Pacific Squid Allergy Test



Pacific Squid Allergy Test

Code: f58
Latin name: Todarodes pacificus
Source material: Squid meat
Family: Ommastrephidae
Common names: Pacific flying squid, Japanese common squid

Pacific squid is a food which may result in allergy symptoms in sensitised individuals.

Pacific Squid Allergy Test: Allergen Exposure

The Pacific squid is a species of squid native to the northern Pacific Ocean, from the seas surrounding Japan all the way up to the Russian and Alaskan coast in the north. The most concentrated populations are found around Vietnam.

The largest consumers of the Pacific squid are Japan (also the largest exporter), Korea and China, as well as the United States. The body can be stuffed whole, cut into flat pieces, or sliced into rings. The arms, tentacles, and ink are also edible. In Japan, squid is often eaten raw as sashimi, or deep fried in batter (tempura).

Pacific squid is a good source of zinc and manganese, and is also high in copper, selenium, vitamin B12, and riboflavin.

Pacific Squid Allergy Test: Allergen Description

Tod p 1, a major allergen, and a heat stable protein, has been characterised in Pacific squid.

Pacific Squid Allergy Test: Potential Cross-Reactivity

Cross-reactivity between species of squid could be expected but does not necessarily occur, even given the close interrelatedness of species.

Cross-reactivity among Pacific squid and shrimp and other crustaceans (lobster, crab) was demonstrated, but none between squid and octopus.

Where cross-reactivity has been reported, this has been attributed to the presence of the panallergen tropomyosin rather than to the relationship between species.

Pacific Squid Allergy Test: Clinical Experience

Hypersensitivity to squid may induce symptoms of food allergy in sensitised individuals. In reports on squid allergy, patients generally had immediate hypersensitivity reactions after eating squid or inhaling vapours while cooking squid.

In a study of 35 shellfish-allergic patients, no significant difference between raw and boiled squid or octopus was found, indicating that the allergens present are most likely heat-stable.

Shellfish, particularly octopus and squid, is one of the most commonly consumed seafoods in Spain. Shellfish is one of the most frequent causes of food hypersensitivity in this population and is the leading cause of food hypersensitivity in patients over 5 years of age.

In 48 Spanish adults with crustacea allergy, the most frequent causes of symptoms were shrimp and squid; the most frequently found symptoms were urticaria/angioedema, asthma, and rhinitis.

In 7 patients who had had symptoms highly suggestive of IgE-mediated reactions after ingesting squid or inhaling vapours from cooking squid, the symptoms reported were nasopharyngeal pruritus, rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea, and urticaria and angioedema.

Anaphylactic reactions after consumption of squid by patients sensitised to house dust mites have been reported several times.

Possible exercise-induced anaphylaxis after eating both shrimp and squid has been reported.

Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from squid has been reported.

Other reactions

It may be useful to evaluate anglers for sensitisation to squid, if they are found to be allergic to bait. This is suggested by a report on an angler, who used maggots as bait and suffered with rhinoconjunctivitis for years. He was found to be allergic to maggots and also sensitised to squid and, to a lesser extent, to prawns.